Azlocillin is an extended-spectrum β-lactam antibiotic derived from ampicillin. It is useful against P. aeruginosa, E. coli, H. influenzae, and a variety of other gram-negative species. It has also been used to develop antibiotic counting techniques. Azlocillin sodium is freely soluble in aqueous solution.
β-lactams inhibit the formation of peptidoglycan cross-links within bacterial cell walls by targeting penicillin-binding proteins or PBPs. Consequently, the bacterial cell wall becomes weak and cytolysis occurs. Resistance to β-lactam antibiotics occurs in the presence of cells containing plasmid encoded extended spectrum β-lactamases or ESBLs.
Antibiotics are often used in clinical in vitro tests known as antimicrobial susceptibility tests or ASTs to determine their efficacy against certain bacterial species. They are tested against gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria using panels, discs, and MIC strips by medical microbiologists. ASTs decrease the risk of using an antibiotic against bacteria exhibiting resistance to it, and the results are used in clinical settings to determine which antibiotic(s) to prescribe for various infections.
Azlocillin Sodium Salt
MOLECULAR BIOLOGY GRADE
MW: 483.47 g/mol
Storage/Handling: Store at room temperature.
PubChem Chemical ID: 23684677
|Grade||MOLECULAR BIOLOGY GRADE|
|Storage/Handling||Store at room temperature.|